Meet the team

Dr Andrew Gates

Dr Andrew Gates

SERPENT Research Scientist

SERPENT Project Management Office
Room 496/02
DEEPSEAS Group
Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems
National Oceanography Centre
European Way
Southampton
SO14 3ZH - UK
Email: arg3@noc.soton.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0) 2380 59 63 63
Fax: +44 (0) 2380 59 62 47

Personal page


I am currently a researcher in the DEEPSEAS group at the National Oceanography Centre. I mostly work on the SERPENT Project. This has taken me on offshore visits to oil rigs in the North Sea, Norwegian Basin, Faroe-Shetland Channel, North Atlantic west of Ireland, the Mediterranean off Egypt and the western Indian Ocean off Tanzania.

I studied for a PhD at the University of Southampton. I worked on species specialist to coastal saline lagoons. My main areas of interest here were how the physiological rates and reproductive investment of these animals vary in relation to the unusual physicochemical characteristics of coastal lagoons.

I studied Biological Sciences at Exeter University. I wrote my dissertation on rocky shore ecology, specifically how the variable morphology of coralline algae caused by wave action affects the distribution and abundance of rocky shore communities. After my BSc at Exeter I worked for the marine environmental consultancy company Unicomarine Ltd where I developed skills in taxonomy and survey work.

Research interests

I use my role in the SERPENT Project to explore the deep ocean around exploration hydrocarbon drilling sites. I use ROVs to collect samples, video and photographic data which are valuable in describing the environment in unexplored areas of the deep ocean. I am interested in how environmental changes affect ecosystems. SERPENT enables me to assess the anthropogenic impacts of deep-water exploration drilling on the benthic fauna. Of particular importance is understanding the recovery of these sites over time. I am also interested in understanding the distribution of animals in the deep sea. This may be at fine scale such as how seabed features or food inputs influence the faunal assemblages, or on a larger scale like changes in megabenthic assemblages with depth.

Access to ROV observations in deep water can provide many novel insights into deep-sea ecology and the behaviour of some large animals. I am interested in gathering observations to improve our understanding of species distributions in deep water.

Above: Observation of a scalloped hammerhead (Sphyrna lewini) at over 1000 m depth in the Western Indian Ocean. This is the deepest observation of this species and it was made oppotunistically by ROV operators during drilling operations.

 

Field work

Site Vessel Location Country Depth (m) Dates
Kitatange-1 Nobel Globetrotter II Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 2300 22-28 Nov 2016
Lancaster Transocean Spitsbergen West of Shetland UK 150 1 - 8 Jul, 26 Sep - 6 Oct & 29 Oct - 3 Nov 2016
PAP Sustained Observatory RRS Discovery Porcupine Abyssal Plain UK 4850 18 Apr - 08 May 2016
APEI 6 RRS James Cook Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone, Pacific Mexico 4200 15 Apr - 19 May 2015
Kamba-1 Deepsea Metro 1 Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 1380 22-29 Sep 2014
Lancaster (Horizontal) Transocean Sedco 712 West of Shetland UK 150 22-25 Apr & 28 May - 6 Jun 2014
Sirt Basin Ocean Observer Mediterranean Libya 400-2200 21 Dec 2013-28 Jan 2014
Mzia-3 Deepsea Metro 1 Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 1700 4-11 Nov 2013
Pweza-3 Deepsea Metro 1 Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 1384 9-20 Sep 2013
Ngisi-1 Deepsea Metro 1 Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 1320 16-31 May 2013
Mzia-2 Deepsea Metro 1 Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 1620 7-24 Apr 2013
Lavani Ocean Rig Poseidon Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 2400 26 May - 10 Jun 2012
Zafarani Ocean Rig Poseidon Western Indian Ocean Tanzania 2580 23 Jan - 7 Feb 2012
Whirlwind Wilphoenix Faroe-Shetland Channel UK 185 4-12 Sep & 16-25 Oct 2011
Kiwi Discoverer Americas Mediterranean Egypt 2720 14-22 Dec 2010
Dalsnuten Aker Barents Norwegian Sea, Voring Plateau Norway 1500 28 Oct - 3 Nov 2010
Whirlwind Borgsten Dolphin Faroe-Shetland Channel UK 185

10-14 Sep & 4-11 Oct 2010

Lancaster (Recovery)

Borgsten Dolphin Faroe-Shetland Channel UK 150 24 May - 1 Jun 2010
Lancaster Byford Dolphin Faroe-Shetland Channel UK 150 21-28 Aug 2009
Morvin (Recovery) Acergy Petrel Norwegian Sea Norway 370 2-7 May 2009
Asterix Transocean Leader Norwegian Sea, Voring Plateau Norway 1500 17-24 Feb 2009
Haklang Transocean Leader Norwegian Sea, Voring Plateau Norway 1500 23 Sep - 8 Oct & 15-18 Oct 2008
Cashel Ocean Vanguard NE Atlantic Ireland 175 18-22 May, 13-18 Jun & 27 Jun-1 Jul
Ragnarokk West Epsilon North Sea Norway 115 26-30 Jul 2007
Midnattsol Transocean Leader Norwegian Sea Norway 928 1-5 Jul 2007 & 23-29 Aug2007
Rosebank Transocean Rather Faroe-Shetland Channel UK 1100

4-12 Apr, 7-13 Jun & 26 Sep - 1 Oct 2007

 

Peer Reviewed Publications

Gates, A.R., Benfield, M.C., Booth, D.J., Fowler, A.M., Skropeta, D., Jones,D.O.B (in press) Deep-sea observations at hydrocarbon drilling locations: Contributions from the SERPENT Project after 120 field visits. Deep-sea Research II. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.07.011

Cordes, E. E., Jones, D. O. B., Schlacher, T. A., Amon, D. J., Bernadino, A. F., Bett, B. J., Brooke, S., Carney, R., DeLeo, D. M., Dunlop, K. M., Escobar-Briones, E. G., Gates, A. R., Génio, L., Gobin, J., Henry, L., Herrera, S., Hoyt, S., Joye, S., Kark, S., Mestre, N. C., Metaxas, A., Pfeifer, S., Sink, K., Sweetman, A. K., Witte, U. F. (in press) Environmental impacts of the deep-water oil and gas industry: a review to guide management strategies. Frontiers in Environmental Science. DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2016.00058

Gates, A.R. Morris, K.J., Jones, D.O.B. Sulak, K.J. (2016) An association between a cusk eel (Bassozetus sp.) and a black coral (Schizopathes sp.) in the deep western Indian Ocean, Marine Biodiversity DOI: 10.1007/s12526-016-0516-z Full text: http://rdcu.be/npLJ

Lebrato, M.; Andersson, A.J.; Ries, J.B.; Aronson, R.B.; Lamare, L.B.; Koeve, W.; Oschlies, A.; Iglesias-Rodriguez, M.D.; Thatje, S.; Amsler, M.; Vos, S.; Jones, D.O.B.; Ruhl, H.A.; Gates, A.R.; McClintock, J.B. (2016) Benthic calcifiers coexist with seawater-carbonate undersaturation at a global scale. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. doi: 10.1002/2015GB005260

Buhl-Mortensen, L., Tandberg, H. S., Buhl-Mortensen, P. & Gates, A. R. (2016). Behaviour and habitat of Neohela monstrosa (Boek, 1861) (Amphipoda: Corophiida) in Norwegian Sea deep water. Journal of Natural History. 50:323-337 DOI:10.1080/00222933.2015.1062152

Phillips, N. D., Harrod, C., Gates, A. R., Thys, T. M. and J. D. R. Houghton (2015). Seeking the sun in deep, dark places: mesopelagic sightings of ocean sunfishes (Molidae). Journal of Fish Biology 87 (4) 1118-1126. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12769

Moore, A. B.M.and Gates, A. R. (2015). Deep-water observation of scalloped hammerhead Sphyrna lewini in the western Indian Ocean off Tanzania. Marine Biodiversity Records, 8, e91 doi:10.1017/S1755267215000627

Higgs, N. D., Gates, A. R., Jones, D. O. B. (2014) Fish Food in the Deep Sea: Revisiting the Role of Large Food-Falls. PLoS ONE 9(5):e96016. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096016

Jones, D. O. B., Mrabure, C. and Gates, A. R. (2013) Changes in deep-water epibenthic megafaunal assemblages in relation to seabed slope on the Nigerian margin. Deep-Sea Research I. 78:49-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.04.005

Gates, A. R. and Jones, D. O. B. (2012) Recovery of benthic megafauna from anthropogenic disturbance at a hydrocarbon drilling well (380 m depth in the Norwegian Sea). PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044114

Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R. and Lausen, B. (2012) Recovery of deep-water megafaunal assemblages from hydrocarbon drilling disturbance in the Faroe-Shetland Channel. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 461: 71-82.  DOI: 10.3354/meps09827

Gates, A. R., Jones, D. O. B., Cartes, J. E. (2012) In situ video observations of benthic megafauna and fishes from the deep eastern Mediterranean Sea off Egypt. African Journal of Marine Science. 34: 215-222 DOI:10.2989/1814232X.2012.675121

Hughes, S. J. M., Jones, D. O. B., Hauton, C., Gates, A. R. & Hawkins, L. E. (2010) An assessment of drilling disturbance on Echinus acutus var. norvegicus based on in-situ observations and experiments using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 395(1-2): 37-47. DOI:10.1016/j.jembe.2010.08.012

 

Books

Gates, Andrew (2016) Deep-sea life of Tanzania, Southampton, GB, National Oceanography Centre, 87pp.  

Jones, D. O. B. and Gates, A. R. (2010) Deep-sea life of Scotland and Norway. Ophiura press, UK. ISBN 978-0-9565832-0-8

 

Other Publications

Jones, D. O. B., Mrabure, C. & Gates, A. R. (2011) Using industrial remotely operated vehicles in stand-by time for deep-water biodiversity assessment: a case study from offshore Nigeria. Proceedings of the Society of Petroleum Engineers Annual Technical Conference, Denver, Colorado, USA, 30 October–2 November 2011. SPE 146439

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Assessing The Effects Of Hydrocarbon Drilling Activity on Deep-Water Megafauna In The Northern North Atlantic. A Rapid Universal Assessment Method? Proceedings of the SPE International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment, 12–14 April 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. SPE 126841

Jones, D. O. B., Park, I. F. J. & Gates, A. R. (2008) Techniques for Monitoring the Recovery of Deep, Cold-Water Habitats Following Physical Disturbance From Drilling Discharges. Proceedings of the SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production, 15-17 April 2008, Nice, France. 111629-MS.

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2008) Serpentine Gallery. UT2 Magazine for the Society of Underwater Technology. 3 (2) 28-29.

 

Theses

Gates, A. R. (2007) The physiological ecology of the specialist lagoon amphipod, Gammarus insensibilis. PhD thesis, University of Southampton.

 

Cruise Reports

Gates, A.R., Jones, D.O.B., Benfield, M., Roterman, C.N., Kroeger, K. (2011) SERPENT Cruise Reports 2008-2010. National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report No. 02. 509pp.

Gates, A.R., Jones, D.O.B., Benfield, M., Kaariainen, J.I. (2008) SERPENT Cruise Reports 2007. National Oceanography Centre, Southampton Cruise Reports Series No. 30. 158pp.

 

SERPENT Science Reports

Gates, A.R. (2014) SERPENT Cachalote report: The effects of drilling disturbance offshore Mozambique. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, 64pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 44)

Gates, A.R. (2013) Whirlwind recovery SERPENT report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, 64pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 30)

Gates, A.R. (2013) SERPENT Lavani report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, 83pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 31)

Gates, A.R. (2013) SERPENT Zafarani report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, 85pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 32)

Gates, A.R. and Jones, D.O.B. (2011) Statoil Kiwi SERPENT report. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre, 36pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 10)

Kröger, K., Jones, D.O.B. and Gates, A.R. (2011) Dalsnuten SERPENT report. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre, 138pp.(National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 08)

Gates, A.R., Kröger, K. and Jones, D.O.B. (2011) Lancaster and Whirlwind SERPENT report. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre, 62pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 07)

Gates, A. R. & Jones, D. O. B (2010) Recovery at Morvin: SERPENT final report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 74pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 86)

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2010) OMV Tornado SERPENT final report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 84pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 82)

Jones, D. O. B., Roterman, C. N. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Chevron Rosebank SERPENT final report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 48pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 81)

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Shell South Uist SERPENT final report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 37pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 80)

Jones, D. O. B., Roterman, C. N. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Shell Gro SERPENT final report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 42pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 79)

Gates, A. R. & Jones, D. O. B. (2010) Lancaster SERPENT visit report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 71pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 78)

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Total Usan Nigeria SERPENT biodiversity survey report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 96pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 77)

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Total Akpo Nigeria SERPENT report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 21pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 76)

Jones, D. O. B. & Gates, A. R. (2010) Chevron Rosebank North SERPENT final report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 35pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 75)

Gates, A. R. & Jones, D. O. B. (2010) Cashel SERPENT visit report. Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 35pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 74)

Gates, A. R. & Jones, D. O. B. (2010) Asterix SERPENT visit report Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 49pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 73)

Gates, A. R. & Jones, D. O. B. (2010) Haklang SERPENT visit report Southampton, UK: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 29pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, No. 72)

Gates, A. R. and Jones, D. (2008) Ragnarokk SERPENT visit report. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 29pp. National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; 43

Gates, A. R., Jones, D. O. B.(2008) Midnattsol SERPENT visit report and initial presentation of results. National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 42

Gates, A. R., Jones, D. O. B.& Kaariainen, J. (2008) Orphan Basin SERPENT Final Report, National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 41

Jones, D. O. B.& Gates, A. R. (2008) Orca SERPENT Field Visit Report, National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 40

Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R., & Kaariainen, J. (2008) Tornerose SERPENT Report, National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 39

Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R., & Kaariainen, J. (2008) Brugdan SERPENT Report, National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 38

Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R., & Kaariainen, J. (2008) Edvarda SERPENT Report, National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 37

Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R., & Kaariainen, J., (2008) Morvin SERPENT Report, National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 36

Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R., & Kaariainen, J. (2008) Uranus SERPENT report. National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report; No. 35

 

SERPENT Annual Reports

Curry, R. A., Jones, D. O. B., Gates, A. R., Benfield, M. and Thompson, M. (2009) SERPENT Annual Report 2008 Southampton, UK, SERPENT Project Office c/o National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 30pp

Curry, R., Jones, D.O.B., Gates, A.R., Benfield, M., Smith, T., Murty, S., Guerin, A.J., Martinez, I. and Pile, A. SERPENT Team (2008) SERPENT Annual Report 2007. Southampton, UK, SERPENT Project Office c/o National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 30pp

Jones, D.O.B., Gates, A.R., Maclaren, E.K., Kaariainen, J.I., Benfield, M., Pile, A.J. and Wigham, B. SERPENT Team (2007) SERPENT Annual Report 2006. Southampton, UK, SERPENT Project Office c/o National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 30pp

 

Popular & Industry Articles

Gates, Andrew., Werre, Lodewijk. (2014) What lies beneath. BG Group Links Magazine.

Andrew Gates., (2013) Deep-sea exploration in the Indian Ocean. Maendelo p.8-9. BG East Africa Quarterly Newsletter July-September 2013

Schul, C. (2012) SERPENT Project. Oceaneering Worldwide Newsletter. Article about Andrew Gates' fieldwork offshore Tanzania.

Charlotte Brookes (2012) Roving the Ocean's DepthsIn follow up to a presntation at The Hague, Shell report on their collaboration with SERPENT at the South Uist, Gro and Dalsnuten sites. Based on an interview with Andrew Gates.

E-Magazine. Eastern Airways in-flight magazine. "centrefold: BASKET STAR COLONY" and "see deep". Eastern Airways, with routes that cover the UK, France and Norway have printed their latest 2009 in-flight magazine which contains a three-page article by Dr Andrew Gates and Rob Curry about the SERPENT project. January 2009.

Insight. Chevron Upstream Europe Magazine. Subsea serpent scans the seabed. Gates, A. R. and Jones, D. 2007.

Chevron Environmental Values Report. Project SERPENT. Gates, A. R. and Jones, D. 2007.

 

Conference and Outreach Presentations

Gates, A.R. & Blake, J. Megabenthic abundance and diversity at oil and gas exploration sites in the western Indian Ocean. 14th Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Aveiro, Portugal (1 September 2015).

Gates, A.R. The SERPENT Project: European Maritime Day, Bremen, Germany (20 May 2014).

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. The SERPENT Project: Exploring deep-sea life, anthropogenic disturbance and recovery at hydrocarbon exploration sites. 13th Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Wellington, New Zealand (6 December 2012).

Gates, A.R. Deepwater Biodiversity Awareness. Environmental Awareness Event. Subsea 7, Sutton, Surrey (4 July 2012).

Gates, A.R. Deep-sea Exploration off Tanzania: Zafarani and Lavani. Presentation to NEMC. Statoil Tanzania, Dar-es-Salaam (7 June 2012).

Gates, A.R. Deep-sea life under the Ocean Rig Poseidon. Presentation to rig crew on board ORP. Tanzania. (2 June 2012).

Gates, A.R. Deep-sea Exploration: The SERPENT Project and deep-sea ecology. Earth Systems Science Summer School 2012 (ES4). NOC. (27 March 2012)

Gates, A.R. & Slightam, C. SERPENT - Hurricane Collaboration: Lancaster & Whirlwind 2009-2011. Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Aberdeen. (21 December 2011)

Gates, A.R. Deep-sea Exploration: The SERPENT Project. Perrins School ROV Day, NOC. (28 July 2011).

Gates, A.R. SERPENT Research Highlights and Future Directions. Transocean, Aberdeen Altens Thistle Hotel (21 July 2011).

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B., Deepwater Exploration: Deep-sea Ecology at Oil and Gas Exploration Sites in Norway and Beyond. Stavanger, Norway. (7 June 2011)

Gates, A.R., Jones, D.O.B. & Kroeger, K. SERPENT-HEX Collaboration, Lancaster & Whirlwind. NOC, (17 February 2011).

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. SERPENT Statoil Collaboration. Trondheim, Norway. (21 October 2010).

Gates, A.R. Disturbance and Recovery from Drilling Disturbance in the Norwegian Sea: Results from the SERPENT Project. Forum for Environmental Monitoring, Climate and Pollution Agency, Oslo, Norway (20 October 2010)

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. (2010) Recovery of deep-water megafaunal assemblages from anthropogenic disturbance in the Norwegian Sea.  12th International Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Reykjavik, Iceland. Symposium Program and Book of Abstracts. p.121 (Poster presentation).

Gates, A.R. Deep-sea Exploration: The SERPENT Project. Ballard School Spring Lecture Series. (2 March 2010).

Gates, A.R. The SERPENT Project: International Experience in Collaborative Environmental Projects. Programma de Biodiversidade Bacia de Santos, Rio de Janiero, Brazil. (22-23 September 2009)

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. Effects of Drilling on Deep-Water Seabed Communities. IADC Environmental Conference & Exhibition, Clarion Hotel, Stevanger, Norway. (12 May 2009)

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. SERPENT Statoil Collaboration. Trondheim, Norway. (26 January 2009).

Gates, A.R. Jones DOB, Pullen K. (2009) The use of measures of meiofaunal functional diversity to monitor anthropogenic impacts on Arctic benthic habitats. Arctic Frontiers. Poster presentation (January 2009). Poster presentation.

Jones DOB & Gates, A.R. (2009) Recovery of deep-water megafaunal assemblages from anthropogenic disturbance in Arctic waters. Arctic Frontiers. Poster presentation (January 2009). Poster presentation.

Gates, A.R. The SERPENT Project. Society for Underwater Technology AGM. HQS Wellington, London. (11 December 2008).

Gates, A.R. & Curry, R. SERPENT Missions to Rosebank. Chevron Environment Week. Chevron, Aberdeen. (10 July 2008).

Gates, A.R. SERPENT Missions to Rosebank. Chevron "Lunch & Learn", Chevron, Aberdeen. (March 2008).

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. SERPENT Statoil Collaboration. NOC. (10-11 April 2008).

Gates, A.R. & Pullen, K. J. (2008) Responses of meiofaunal assemblages to the impact of exploratory hydrocarbon drilling in the Barents Sea. Arctic Frontiers. Challenges for oil and gas development in the Arctic. Abstracts p.105 Poster presentation (20-25 January 2008).

Gates, A.R. & Jones, D.O.B. SERPENT Statoil Collaboration. Trondheim, Norway. (17 September 2007).